Most common and important grammar points
Today, I’m posting this cool infographic from an artist. In this infographic, there are 10 very very important English grammar points. These are also some of the common English grammar mistakes that students often make. So, learn them thoroughly.
Of course, you can learn a great deal from this infographic. Here are some quick notes on these important grammar points.
1. apostrophe: This is used to show the ownership of something. Usually with plurals, you don’t use “s”. With singular nouns, you can use “s”.
For example, Sujan’s, My sister’s but not
our sisters’s. Here you can use our sisters’
This is our sisters’ clinic.
2. affect/effect: One of them “affect” is a verb whereas “effect” is a noun. So, you can say, it affected the output. The effect of this can be seen in the output.
The results were affected by the input.
3. Farther/Further: Generally speaking, farther is used for distance whereas further is used for future action.
The location is farther away than Amsterdam.
I want to further study English literature.
4. His, Her, their: This are possessive adjectives.
His is used for male third person. Her is used to females. We often use their for plural third person.
Andrea has got her basket with her.
George is looking into his notebook.
They are resettling in a new town but leaving their furniture in their home.
5. I/Me: It’s straight forward. I am an English teacher. You can see me live in my online classes on Sundays.
6. It’s/Its: This is something that confuses even the intermediate and advanced students. It is probably due to very minor difference between the two words.
It’s is a short form of “it is”.
Its is a possessive for it. This is similar to his or her.
It’s his store.
Your pen needs a new refill. Pen and its ink are available here.
7. Than/ Then: Many students confuse between these two words. Again, similar to the above. They know the real difference but still sometimes they tend to use them incorrectly.
“Than” is used in comparative sentences. “Then” is used to show the sequence. (When one thing happens after another)
The consumption of beef and meat was much greater than that of eggs.
First of all, we will look the positives of e-learning. Then, we will look into the issues related with this new form of education.
8. their / there / they’re: These three words sound similar, but are totally different.
This is their classroom. You should not attend this classes.
There are separate classes for different students.
They’re supposed to attend the classes arranged for their subjects.
9. Who / that: This is clearly explained in the infographic but for further explanation I am giving another example.
Rafael Nadal is the one who beat Roger Federrer in the tennis tournament final last year.
This was the bat that he used against New Zealand when he scored a maiden century.
10. Who’s / Whose: Who’s is a short form of “Who is”. Whose is used to ask a question about the owner of something.
Who’s the owner of this book?
Whose book is this?
I hope I have cleared your doubts about these words. If you need more information, please post a comment and I will try to clear it. What are the other confusing words that seem to confuse you? Do you know any other words? Please post them and share your ideas about them.
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