IELTS Academic Task 1: Introductions

Learn to write introduction in Academic Task 1

In this post, I’m giving you some practical tips on how you can write perfect or very good Academic task 1 introduction.

Today, I’m giving you this simple bar chart about unemployment rate and I’m going to teach writing introduction for task 1 using this example.

The chart shows unemployment rate among people of two age groups in twelve different countries in the year 2010.

Write academic task 1 introduction to bar chart

Academic Task 1 Sample question

Source: International Labour organisation

What should your introduction include?

  • Your introduction must include the information given in concise and accurate manner.
  • You should not use the same phrases as given in the question. For varying your language you could paraphrase the question.
  • Never use the personal pronouns in Task 1. It’s just information and you’re not supposed to write your own opinion. So, never use any phrase like “In this report, I’m going to compare…”
  • Take note of the tense in the introduction. Even though the data given is in the past, you should always write introduction in present simple tense. Never write introduction in the past or in the future.
  • Don’t write a lengthy introduction. It should be a sentence or two because the main purpose of this question is to compare the data which can be done in the body paragraphs.


My Sample Introduction:

The bar chart compares the proportion of jobless people in twelve different countries for two age groups (15-19 and 20-24 years) during 2010.


What can you learn from my introduction?


  • It’s simple and very clear.
  • It gives full details about what data is given in the bar chart.
  • It uses some synonyms to the words in the question (jobless people, proportion)
  • It uses simple present tense (presents information)
  • It includes specific details about age group and the year.

As a simple exercise, I suggest you write your full response to this question and post in the comments section. I would like this blog to be a place where students can practise their skills. So, write your full response and post it here and I will give my feedback to your response.

I hope this post was helpful for all IELTS exam candidates. Please share it with other learners and test takers.
Posted in Academic Task Tips, Academic Writing Task 1. Tagged with , , , , , , .

2 Responses

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *