Increase Reading speed by learning phrases, not words
If you want to increase your reading speed, it is absolutely necessary that you learn some of the unknown vocabulary but how can you do this?
I think the first step towards faster reading is the skill of reading for comprehension. I think understanding comes first and then the speed. For better understanding, you definitely need more vocabulary. To improve your vocabulary, you should learn words in chunks. Usually, the meaning comes in group of words.
So, always read in group of words and not single individual words.
Take a look at this small introductory article about “Strethoscope“. Notice the combination of words marked in red. They help you read when read together.
The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body. It is often used to listen to lung and heart sounds. It is also used to listen to intestines and blood flow in arteries and veins. In combination with another instrument, it is commonly used for measurements of blood pressure. Less commonly, “mechanic’s stethoscopes” are used to listen to internal sounds made by machines, such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to the sounds of its internal parts. Stethoscopes can also be used to check scientific vacuum chambers for leaks, and for various other small-scale acoustic monitoring tasks.
Learn to read everything like this. Guess the meaning of the words you don’t know and move on without really looking for those words in the dictionary.
For learning this skill, you need to do:
1. Read easy, interesting books
Learn easy books in which you know most of the words and there are very few words you’re unfamiliar with. Of course, this means you can guess the meaning of the unknown word as you know other words around it.
If you read too slowly, it will not make sense to you. Therefore, I suggest that you read something interesting. Something that appeals to you.
2. Listen and read the transcript at the same time
This can be achieved in so many ways. Nowadays, even youtube has that subtitles functionality to enable the subtitles for their videos. There are movies available with subtitles. Of course, the formality of the language is totally different. However, our main objective here is to increase the speed and hence formality of words will not matter.
You can also visit TED.com and turn on the subtitles.
3. Have some patience
It is the most important factor in determining your success. With languages, you need to be patient with your skills and abilities. The improve will not come overnight. It takes a long time for small improvement. So, practice and stick with it for at least a month. You will see minor progress in a month.