Take Essays in IELTS preparation books as sample
There is a lot you can learn from given answers in the IELTS books. You can see their structures and plan your essays accordingly. Perhaps the most confusing part with sample essays is that they are structured in a variety of manners.
This is mainly because these sample essays are written by different examiners and certainly there is no single way to write a sample essay. Their selection and personal preferences differ.
Then, What can you learn from them?
You can understand how paragraphs are developed. You can notice that they always concentrate one particular information in each paragraph. These essays never clutter information.
You can notice that they use a variety of structures to enhance readability and its flow.
You will also notice that they do not concentrate much on linking words as you might think. They rarely use Furthermore, Moreover, etc. However, they repeatedly use this or that constructions to refer to particular condition or particular reason.
Here, I am showing you a paragraph from test 1 of British Council’s preparation book. This paragraph favours English language study at school. The topic is:
Learning English at school is often seen as more important than learning local languages. If these are not taught, many are at risk of dying out. In your opinion, is it important for everyone to learn English? Should we try to ensure the survival of local languages and, if so, how?
People who insist on prioritising local languages are often those who can speak English themselves. Advocates of minority languages need to be fluent in English in order to research their field and support the cause at international conferences. In doing so, however, they are also demonstrating why English is so important. Learning English allows people to gain knowledge, communicate with society, further themselves as individuals and have a global impact. It is unfair to willingly dispossess people of this ability in order to preserve tradition.
Can you spot important structures?
Here, there are no linking phrases as you might have expected to see.
Notice how the word minority languages, support the cause, demonstrate, further themselves, dispossess are used. These are all high band score vocabulary. Notice how “In doing so” is used as a connecting word.
There are many more phrases that you can find out. Try to note them down and use them in your essays and in no time, it will become second nature.
Analysing essays like this will take time, but you will gain a very useful insight and will be able to push yourself in the right direction. So, take time and analyse all sample essays.